Fabric Information

Charmeuse Satin

Is a lightweight fabric woven with a satin weave, where the warp threads cross over three or more of the backing (weft)threads. The front side of the fabric has a satin finish- lustrous and reflective- whereas the back has a dull finish. It can be made of silk,or a synthetic lookalike such as polyester. It differs from plain satin in that charmeuse is softer and lighter in weight. Available in 90 colours.

Shot Liason (Taffeta)

Usually plain weave, woven with one colour in the warp and another colour in the filling, which gives the fabric an iridescent look. If fabric is moved in the light this colour changes. Silk version of chambray.

Chiffon

is elegant and sheer, with a very slightly rough feel to it. Chiffon is lightweight ,but strong.(Chiffon is French for ‘Rag’) Chiffon is softer and thinner than Georgette, sometimes called ‘Crepe Chiffon’. Georgette is made like chiffon, but a two or three ply yarn is used. Available in many colours.

Organza

A sheer dress fabric resembling organdy and usually made of silk, rayon or nylon. Fine, sheer, lightweight, crisp fabric. It has a very wiry feel, it crushes or musses fairly easily, but it is easily pressed. Dressy type of fabric, sometimes have a silvery sheen. Used in trimming, neckwear, millinery, and underlinings for delicate, sheer materials, as well as an underlining for other fabrics that require a bit of stiffness without weight.

Faille

A somewhat shiny/lustrous closely woven silk, rayon, or cotton fabric characterized by slight ribs in the weft. Finer than grosgrain but in that family – ribs are also flatter than in grosgrain. Some belong to the crepe family and is rather difficult to launder, but will give good wear if handled properly.

Voile

A crisp, lightweight, plain weave cotton-like fabric, made with high twist yarns in a high yarn count construction. Similar in appearance to organdy and organza. Used in blouses dresses and curtains.

Jersey Fabric

The consistent interlooping of yarns in the jersey stitch, produces a fabric with a smooth flat face, and a more textured but uniform back. Jersey fabrics may be produced on either circular or flat weft knitting machines.

Linen

A fabric made from linen fibers obtained from inside the woody stem of the flax plant. Linen fibers are much stronger and more lustrous than cotton. Linen fabrics are very cool and absorbent, but wrinkle very easily, unless blended with manufactured fibers. Linen is one of the oldest textile fibers.

Embroidered

A thread or set of threads sewn onto a fabric for surface ornamentation. Embroidery may be done as piece work or one-of-a-kind embroidered cloths. Hand-guided machine embroidery is the method generally used for crewel embroidery. Machine embroidery for mass production is called Schiffli embroidery.

Shantung Dupioni

Originally a spun silk fabric with slubs that formed interesting textures. Shantung today may be of many natural or synthetic fibers. Fabrics which imitate shantung are antique satin and antique taffeta.

Georgette

A sheer lightweight fabric, often made of silk or from such manufactured fibers as polyester, with a crepe surface. End uses include dresses and blouses.